Autism Spectrum Behaviours in a Child

  1. They pay scant attention to other children or adults, and they seem emotionally uninvolved.
  2. They are so sensitive to change; If they have been asked to change the activity, they would be distressed.
  3. It is so difficult or impossible to make eye contact with them when you are speaking to them. (They often do not look at in your eyes)
  4. They have non or minimal speech-related skills.
  5. They may repeat phrases in a meaningless way.
  6. They may show a marked interest in things that spin or twirl.

How Much Sleep Do You and your child Need?

Recently the National Sleep Foundation released a new set of updated recommendations for sleep duration for each age group. The findings of their research are displayed in the graph below.

Required sleep duration changes based on a number of different factors. Clearly the most significant component is age. Newborns spend up to 2/3 of their time sleeping, with a recommended 14-17 hours per day. Infants (older than three months) should get 12-15 hours. Toddlers should get 11-14 hours, preschoolers need 10-13, and school-age children should get between 9 and 11 hours of sleep every night.

Once humans hit school age, their sleep needs even out slightly. From school age (8-10 hours a night) to older adults (7-8 hours a night), there is a slow but gradual reduction in required sleep.

Eating Principles

  • Food should not be used to reward or to bribe or to punish. It should be a pleasure for children. If food is used as a reward or punishment it makes eating disorders in the future for the children.
  • Eating together should bring the feeling of having a happy family life to the children. Eating time should become along with a friendly chat and less discipline as possible.
  • Eating should help a child to be independent. It means that when teachers pass the foods the child can decide how much and what she/ he wants to eat. Also, they learn about the concept of “take some and leave some.” Another important point to help the child be independent is to make sure they access the food as soon as they arrive and make sure they are not waiting for the food.
  • Eating can be a learning experience. The child can learn about intellectual and social concepts, and during the table conversation, they develop their fluency in the language and extend their vocabulary. They can talk about what they did on the weekend, what they like best to eat, what was fun at school during the morning, and factual kinds of information.